Kadriorg Palace was started to construct by the Tsar Peter the Great of Russia in 1718. It was named Kadriorg (in German Catharinenthal) in honour of his wife Catherine I. Italian architect Niccolo Michetti has designed the Roman baroque palace and it has always been the crown jewel of Tallinn.
The palace was summer residence for most of the Russian rulers. It served as the main building of the Art Museum of Estonia in the 1920s, and again in 1946–1991. In 1930’s it was the residence of the Head of State of the Estonian Republic and extensions to palace were added – the banquet hall and orangery and many rooms were decorated.
In 2000, the palace was opened as the Kadriorg Art Museum, which displays the largest collection of old Russian and Western European art in Estonia. Kadriorg Art Museum is the only museum in Estonia devoted to foreign art. In the collection of the museum is about 9000 artworks from the 16th to 20th centuries. There’s extensive permanent exhibition, which displays the best of its foreign art collection. In addition there’s revolving exhibitions that deal with early European art and its history.